Diabetes affects over 30 million Americans and more than 400 million people worldwide. At Sienna Wellness Institute & Sienna Podiatry in Lake Isabella, California, the team of doctors at Sienna Wellness help patients effectively manage their diabetes and improve their quality of life. Diabetes can lead to troublesome symptoms like weight loss, frequent urination, or diabetic foot wounds. In some cases, without insulin injections and regular monitoring of blood sugar levels, it can lead to death. For expert help with diagnosing or managing your diabetes, call or schedule an appointment online today.
Diabetes occurs when your blood glucose, or blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose comes from the food you digest and is a prominent source of energy. Insulin, a hormone your pancreas produces, helps glucose from food get to your cells and give you energy. Some people don’t produce enough, or any, insulin. In some cases, your body doesn’t use insulin properly.
If glucose remains in your blood and doesn’t get to your cells, it can cause a variety of health problems, including:
Although diabetes doesn’t have a cure, you can adopt measures that help you manage your diabetes and live a long, healthy life.
There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.
If you have type 1 diabetes, your body doesn’t produce any insulin. This means that your immune system destroys your pancreatic cells that make insulin. Typically, children and young adults get diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. However, it can develop at any age. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin injections every day to stay alive.
With type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or doesn’t use insulin properly. You can be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. However, type 2 diabetes most commonly occurs in middle-aged and older people. Type 2 is the more common form of diabetes.
Some common signs and symptoms of diabetes include:
The exact cause of type 1 diabetes isn’t known. Genetic factors, or possibly exposure to certain viruses, are likely the main risk factors.
For type 2 diabetes, there are several factors that can increase your risk of developing the disease, including:
First, it’s important to diagnose diabetes. Dr. Spohn-Gross discusses your symptoms with you and orders lab work, often an A1C test to check your blood glucose levels.
For all diabetes patients, lifestyle modifications are critical to manage and treat the condition. Dr. Spohn-Gross works closely with patients to analyze their diets and recommend changes, such as more fruits and vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains. Getting more physical activity also helps alleviate diabetes symptoms.
Monitoring your blood sugar regularly, taking certain medications, and insulin injections are also key components of diabetes treatment plans.
To learn more about treating and managing your diabetes, call or schedule an appointment online today.